Assessment of ability of medical and obstetric students to achieve adequate positive pressure ventilation using basic neonatal resuscitation manikins

Autores/as

  • Blanca Solis-Chimoy Research Group Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.
  • Carlos A. Delgado Research Group Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru; Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal Unit, Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6073-8109
  • Roberto Shimabuku Research Group Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.
  • Milagro Raffo Research Group Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15381/anales.v82i3.20665

Palabras clave:

Recién Nacido, Reanimación Cardiopulmonar, Respiración con Presión Positiva Intermitente, Estudiantes del Área de la Salud, Entrenamiento Simulado

Resumen

Introduction. The ability to perform adequate positive pressure ventilation is necessary for neonatal clinical practice. However, there are few studies on the achievements of undergraduate students on this task. It is necessary to assess health science students’ adequate positive pressure ventilation because it is vital at the beginning of their clinical activity. Objective. To evaluate the cognitive and procedural ability related to adequate positive pressure ventilation performed by 6th year medicine students and 4th year obstetrics students at a public university in Lima, Peru. Methods. We surveyed 78 medical and obstetric students in their last years of studies within six months of taking a course on neonatal resuscitation that included positive pressure ventilation theory and practice. Participants voluntarily agreed to participate in this study. Previously, we validated the survey by asking three experienced neonatologists for their expert judgments on improving the survey. The survey consists of three theoretical questions as a cognitive assessment and three practice assessment criteria qualified by observing performance using neonatal manikins. Results. Medicine students had a better practical ability (p <0.001) than obstetrics students, and obstetrics students presented better theoretical knowledge (p = 0.019). However, both groups achieved limited performance within six months of taking the neonatal clinical practice course as 21.8% of all students passed both the theoretical and practical parts of this study. Conclusion. Participants from both schools require further training alternatives to achieve adequate positive pressure ventilation performance.

Biografía del autor/a

  • Carlos A. Delgado, Research Group Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Peru; Department of Pediatrics, Neonatal Unit, Instituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú.

    Medico Pediatra Neonatólogo.

    Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos - INSN

     

    Doctor en Epidemiología

    Departamento de Pediatria - UNMSM

Publicado

2021-11-26

Número

Sección

Artículo Original

Cómo citar

1.
Solis-Chimoy B, Delgado CA, Shimabuku R, Raffo M. Assessment of ability of medical and obstetric students to achieve adequate positive pressure ventilation using basic neonatal resuscitation manikins. An Fac med [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 26 [cited 2024 Jun. 22];82(3). Available from: https://revistasinvestigacion.unmsm.edu.pe/index.php/anales/article/view/20665